Електронно списание "Scientific Research"

ISSN: 1312-7535
Заглавие Use of Nuclear Weapon in the International Humanitarian Law
Автори Tomasz Szemraj, Urszula Wojtaszczyk



Authors have taken up the problem of application of International Humanitarian Law in legality aspect of threat of use or use of nuclear weapon in armed conflicts. Analyzing issues related to the use of nuclear weapons in accordance with the law, it can be concluded that the mere use of nuclear weapons is prohibited due to the violation of many laws. However, it is not obvious whether nuclear weapons can be used for self-defense in accordance with international law. It should be pointed out that the International Court of Justice has given an opinion on the use of nuclear weapons in armed conflicts. It is certain that the effects of nuclear weapons are in violation of provisions related to environmental protection, the principle of proportionality, the principle of humanitarianism or the principle of differentiation, due to the scale of its usage effect.

Keywords: International Humanitarian Law, Nuclear Weapon, International Court of Justice, Armed Conflicts, Proliferation



Legal Acts:

  1. Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America, Laws and Customs of War on Land (IV Hague Convention) (Treaty Series No. 539; 36 Stat. 2277; Malloy Treaties, Vol. II, 2269)
  2. Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water August 6, 1963 (Dz. U. 1963, nr 52, poz. 288)
  3. Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, July 1, 1968(Dz.U. 1970, nr 8, poz. 60)
  4. 4. Agency For The Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and The Caribbean, Resolutions 3472(XXX), July 27, 2002
  5. Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Sea-Bed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil thereof, London, Moscow, Washington, February 11, 1971 (Dz. U. z 1972 r., nr 44, poz 275., załącznik)
  6. Antarctic Treaty System, Washington, December 1, 1959 (Dz. U. z 1961 r., nr 46, poz. 237, z 2000r., nr 100, poz. 1087 i z 2001 r., nr 6, poz. 52)

Monographs and articles:

  1. U. S. Strategic Bombing Survey: The Effects of the Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Chairman's Office, 19 June 1946
  2. Falkowski Z.(red.), Marcinko M.(red.), Międzynarodowe Prawo Humanitarne Konfliktów Zbrojnych, Wojskowe Centrum Edukacji Obywatelskiej, Warszawa 2014
  3. Kubowski J., Broń Jądrowa, Instytut Technologii Eksploatacji w Radomiu, Warszawa 2003
  4. Lankosz K.(red.), Międzynarodowe Prawo Humanitarne Konfliktów Zbrojnych, WSOSP, Dęblin 2006
  5. Kalshoven F., Zegveld L., Constraints on The Waging of War, An Introduction to International Humanitarian Law, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2011
  6. International Court of Justice, Legality of The Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, I.C.J Reports 1996
  7. Lachowski Z., Nuklearne rozbrojenie i nieproliferacja: geneza, stan i perspektywy, Biuro Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego 2012
  8. Espiell G. H. Układ o zakazie broni jądrowych w Ameryce Łacińskiej, sytuacja aktualna i perspektywy, Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny 43, 1981, p. 59-64, Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM

Web pages:

  1. Atomic Heritage Foundation https://www.atomicheritage.org/history/little-boy-and-fat-man
  2. Treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons https://treaties.un.org/doc/Treaties/2017/07/20170707%2003-42%20PM/Ch_XXVI_9.pdf
  3. Treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons http://www.nti.org/learn/treaties-and-regimes/treaty-on-the-prohibition-of-nuclear-weapons
  4. Lavoyer J. P., International Humanitarian Law: Should It Be Reaffirmed, Clarified or Developed?, https://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/lavoyer-01-05-04.pdf
  5. Dura M., Rosyjskie atomowe drony. czy obawy Waszyngtonu są słuszne? [analiza], Defence24.pl, 2018

За авторите

Urszula Wojtaszczyk, email:  wojula@gmail.com

A second year student in the field of defence at the Faculty of Logistics of the Military University of Technology. Chairwoman of the Student Scientific Circle "Securitas et Defensio"


Tomasz Szemraj, email: szemrajek@gmail.com

A second year student in the field of defence at the Faculty of Logistics of the Military University of Technology. Vice Chairman of the Student Scientific Circle "Securitas et Defensio"

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